Heat Related Illness Prevention
When the mercury climbs over 25 degrees Celius and is combined with high humidity levels the human body can suffer heat related illness. This can be as mild as muscle cramping, to more serious Heat Exhaustion and if untreated Heat Stroke and possibly death.
Heat Cramps occur when the athlete sweats heavily. The loss of fluids and electrolytes, especially sodium, causes painful muscle contractions and spasms.
Heat Exhaustion is a more serious form of heat illness characterized by profuse sweating, dizziness, headaches, nausea, vomiting, and fainting.
Heat Stroke occurs when heat exhaustion goes untreated, and the athlete starts to exhibit mental status changes, such as confusion, loss of balance, and irritability. Immediate recognition and treatment are crucial to prevent possibly fatal outcomes.
These heat related illnesses can be mitigated by increased fluid intake and frequent periods of rest in shaded areas. Know the signs and symptoms of heat related illness. It is the responsibility of the Coaches in concert with the Referees to ensure player safety.